Williarn Sturgeon was a famous engineer. He was not just ordinary engineer since he was the one who found and developed the foundation for the electromagnetic.
It is true that he was the one who make a simple device as clear proof of electromagnetic power. Then, it was developed as what you can find nowadays. Of course, it is interesting to see his life journey.
He was born on May 22, 1783. He was born at Whittington, Lancashire. His father was John Sturgeon and he was a shoemaker.
Unfortunately, Sturgeon did not get good childhood period. After his mother died, his father made him an apprentice of shoemaker.
He did not get enough access for education, but he studied things by himself. In his early life, he had interest in music and mechanical stuff.
Career in Military
In 1802, he joined army. Although he was part of the army, he did not get enough portion of active service. Because of this condition, he spent his time for reading books.
He was actually smart since he could learn many things by himself just by reading books. He got books from a sergeant. This person lent books and helped Sturgeon in learning.
He had interest in mathematics, and some languages. He also got chances to improve his mechanical skills. One day, he saw thunderstorm and it triggered him to learn more about the phenomenon.
His First Invention
His interest in thunderstorm led him to study more about the electricity and electromagnetic. He conducted many experiments.
The first electromagnet device that he made showed the real potential of electromagnetic power. He built a device from iron wrapped with coils. It was to create electromagnet and it was able to support 4 kilograms of iron.
After that, Williarn Sturgeon got more skills and knowledge. Even, he could build his own electric motor. He was also the one who invented commutator. It is important part needed in electric motor and the technology was adapted and developed until now.
Career as Lecturer
After Williarn Sturgeon left the army, he got chance to become lecturer. With all of the knowledge that he learned by himself, he taught at Royal Military College in 1824.
Then, he was also chosen as lecturing staff at Adelaide Gallery of Practical Science. It was located in London. It was when he got a chance to demonstrate his commutator.
In 1836, he also established journal. At the same year, he made another invention. It was galvanometer. It was device to measure electricity and it was also adapted until now.
His Personal Life
After he joined the army, he married Mary Hutton. She was a widow who works as shopkeeper. They had three children, but all of them passed away in the infancy.
Several years later, his wife was also passed away in around 1820. Although he did not succeed in military, he actually found his passion and career in science.
After being lecturer in some places, he had poor health. In fact, his career also did not give him wealth, although he worked as scientist. On December 4, 1850, Williarn Sturgeon passed away in Manchester.