Various trips to space have been carried out by many parties to find out the phenomena that occur in space.
An example is a trip to the Moon or research of astronauts who live on the International Space Station.
Several experiments have also been carried out, such as sending plant seeds to the Moon. This is done to see if there are plants that can grow on the Moon.
But the planet that has been most talked about and carried out a lot of research is Planet Mars, dubbed the red planet.
Even a robot or vehicle called Opportunity was assigned to Mars for years to do research on this planet, friends.
Mars is also often regarded as an alternative place of residence for humans if the Earth can no longer be inhabited.
Well, if the planet Mars is considered to be an alternative place for human habitation, we find out, let’s see, what happens to the human body if it lives on the planet Mars which has very different characteristics from Earth!
Influence on Bone Strength
When on planet Mars, we will be able to jump higher than when on Earth, friends.
The reason is because Mars only has one third of the gravity of the Earth, so that besides being able to jump higher, we can also lift more loads.
Wow, sounds fun, friends, if we can jump higher than on Earth?
Even though it sounds fun, living on Mars can affect the bones in our body, you.
Bones will become more fragile because of the influence of the gravitational force that pulls our bones down.
Without the pull of the gravitational force, the bones can stretch and extend, but make it brittle because of bone changes.
But humans who go and live on Mars can experience an adaptation process that makes bones more dense and counteracts the effects of low gravity, lo.
Radiation Exposure on Planet Mars
The Earth has enough magnetic fields to protect the Earth from exposure to radiation originating from space.
Unfortunately, Mars does not yet have enough magnetic fields to protect it from radiation exposure.
This will certainly affect people who will later live on this red planet, which is exposed to as much as 500 milisieverts of radiation each year.
This number turns out to be ten times higher than the radiation threshold that can be received by the body, even for people who work in nuclear power plants, friends.
Radiation exposure of people living on Mars is also twice as large as astronauts who live on the International Space Station, you.
Increased radiation exposure will affect the mutation of DNA in the human body. In some cases mutations can cause new adaptations.
But the increase in radiation exposure can also cause humans living on Mars to also get cancer, one of which is leukemia.
Developing New Skin Colors
The adaptation that people who live on Mars might do is develop new skin tones.
To provide dark pigment to the hair and skin, humans use melanin which is also useful for fighting ultraviolet light from the Sun.
While other species use carotene to provide pigment to the body.
Now, while living on Mars, humans might develop other compounds that are completely different from melanin or carotene.
The evolution of the population on Mars was also developed or formed by various microorganisms, one of which is microbes.
By carrying or the presence of microbes on Mars, this can weaken the immune system, you.
As a result, people who have been on Mars must be kept away from other people on Earth.
This is because, it is possible for people on Earth to spread dangerous infections for people who have just returned from Mars.
But until now there has been no mission that has succeeded in sending humans to Mars, so there is still a lot of research to be done regarding the effects of the Martian environment on the body, here, friends.