THE HAGUE, Netherlands — Prime Minister Mark Rutte of the Netherlands announced his resignation on Friday because of a dispute in his ruling coalition about how to rein in migration.
The decision by the country’s longest-serving leader means that the Netherlands will face a general election later this year for the 150-seat lower house of Parliament.
“It is no secret that the coalition partners have very different views on migration policy,” Mr. Rutte told reporters in The Hague.
“And today, unfortunately, we have to draw the conclusion that those differences are irreconcilable” he said.
Mr. Rutte said he would immediately “offer the resignation of the entire Cabinet to the king in writing.”
The coalition government that collapsed on Friday had tried for months to hash out a deal to reduce the flow of new migrants arriving in the country of nearly 18 million people. Proposals reportedly included creating two classes of asylum — a temporary one for people fleeing conflicts and a permanent one for people trying to escape persecution — and reducing the number of family members who are allowed to join asylum-seekers in the Netherlands.
Reuters reported that tensions came to a head this week, when Mr. Rutte demanded support for a proposal to limit entrance for children of war refugees who are already in the Netherlands and to make families wait at least two years before they can be united.
This last proposal went too far for the small Christian Union and liberal D66, triggering a crisis.
Last year, hundreds of asylum-seekers were forced to sleep outdoors in squalid conditions near an overcrowded reception center as the number of people arriving in the Netherlands outstripped the available beds. Dutch aid agencies provided assistance.
The discussions have underscored ideological divisions in the coalition between the partner parties that do not support a strict crackdown on migration — D66 and fellow centrist party ChristenUnie, or Christian Union — and the two that favor tougher measures — Mr. Rutte’s conservative People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy and the Christian Democrats.
Mr. Rutte’s Cabinet gathered late Friday in a hastily scheduled meeting. “We talked for a long time, we are coming here tonight because we did not succeed,” the defense minister, Kajsa Ollongren, told reporters as she walked into the cabinet meeting.
Mr. Rutte, the Netherlands’ longest serving premier, presided over late-night meetings Wednesday and Thursday that failed to result in a deal. More talks were held Friday evening, and he declined to answer questions about the issue at his weekly news conference before the discussions.
“Everybody wants to find a good, effective solution that also does justice to the fact that this is about human lives,” the finance minister, Sigrid Kaag, a member of the centrist D66 party, said before the talks began.
Just over 21,500 people from outside Europe sought asylum in the Netherlands in 2022, according to the country’s statistics office. Tens of thousands more moved to the Netherlands to work and study.
The numbers have put a strain on housing that already was in short supply in the densely populated country.
Mr. Rutte’s government worked for a law that could compel municipalities to provide accommodations for newly arrived asylum seekers, but the legislation has yet to pass through both houses of Parliament.
The prime minister also promoted European Union efforts to slow migration to the 27-nation bloc. Mr. Rutte visited Tunisia last month with his Italian counterpart and the president of the E.U. executive commission to offer more than 1 billion euros in financial aid to rescue the North African nation’s teetering economy and to stem migration from its shores to Europe.
Rutte’s coalition government, the fourth he has led, took office in January 2022 following the longest coalition negotiations in Dutch political history.
There will likely be an election for the 150-seat lower house of the Dutch parliament later this year amid a polarized and splintered political landscape. Rutte’s Cabinet would likely remain in office as a caretaker administration until a new government was formed.
During provincial elections earlier this year, a populist pro-farmer party put Rutte’s party into second place. The defeat was seen as a possible incentive for Rutte to do his utmost to hold together his coalition until its term ends in 2025.